Different Types of Teas | Why Teas are Different?
A warm cup of tea can turn an ordinary moment into a special ceremony. Tea is a key part of social engagements, where it plays a central role in political meetings and celebrating special occasions. All ceremonial teas come from the same plant-Camellia Sinensis. The major difference between different types of teas is the fermentation process.
It’s a great substitute to soda and other high-calorie non-natural drinks. Among all four types of teas, white and green teas are less fermented than black or oolong tea. Usually, more fermented tea leaves are darker or redder, and teas that are less fermented are lighter or greener.
Fermentation Process of Different Types of Teas
Tea makers dry and crush the leaves to bring out their oils, and then they might expose them to air for a while, depending on the kind of tea they want to make. Oxidation/Fermentation is a naturally occurring process that alters the color and flavor profile of the tea leaves.
Traditionally, Asian countries prefer green tea, while Western countries tend to prefer black (fermented) tea due to the strong flavors from fermentation. Oolong is a semi-fermented tea and White tea is least fermented of all types of teas-a rarer and more expensive tea from China.
In general, fully oxidized teas such as black tea develop stronger flavors and aromas and will be dark brown or a rich burnt red in color. Lesser-oxidized tea, such as white tea, will feature a smoother, more delicate flavor and will be light green or yellow in color.
The Difference between Herbal Tisanes and Traditional Teas
There are two main types of tea: herbal tisanes and traditional teas. Herbal teas and tisanes (caffeine free) like rooibos and chamomile are in fact not real teas. That is their source is not from the Camellia Sinensis plant.
You can brew a perfect cup of herbal tea by using different types of herbs, flowers, bushes or even dried fruit.
Different Types of Traditional Teas
When we are talking about traditional teas we are referring to black, green, white, oolong and Pu-erh teas which all come from the tea plant Camellia Sinensis. The oxidation process determines whether you end up with a green, black or oolong tea. White and green teas are less processed than black and oolong tea, allowing them to retain more health benefits.
The oxidation process of black tea lends strong, robust flavors to this tea. This tea has a strong flavor and is deep red or black in color. Described as malty and rich, black tea features hints of dark chocolate, dates, and raisins. Black tea also contains the highest caffeine content of all true teas, except matcha green tea.
Oolong tea is semi-fermented and among the most expensive and highest quality teas in the world. Known in China as Wulong tea, these leaves are typically brown in color and result in an even, full-bodied brew.
As the tea oxidizes, oolong teas become either a medium green or deep amber color. Dark oolongs feature hints of chocolate, and burnt sugar while lighter oolongs offer flavors that are more floral and smoother.
Green tea is less processed having more benefits than black and oolong. This tea is stronger than white tea and packed full of antioxidants. It features a pale green color that is most similar to the actual appearance of tea leaves.
Generally, Chinese green teas are pan-fried or roasted, whereas Japanese green teas are typically steamed at high temperatures. The roasting lends a smooth, aromatic flavor to green tea while steamed leaves tend to have a more vegetal, herb-like quality.
White tea is the least processed among all types of teas. It is one of the healthiest teas which simply undergoes natural drying. This tea features a delicate, yet complex flavor. White tea is suitable for specialists who appreciate the rarity and complexity as well as for beginners who can appreciate its delicate, sweet flavor that is free of astringent tastes.
Try all Types of Teas
Every tea offers a unique, flavorful experience that can awaken or relax your senses. Drinking tea is a great way to unwind after a day at the office or form community bonds by sharing a cup with new acquaintances. What’s your favorite brew? Share your tea memories with us!!!